He claimed absolute exemption at his Military Service Tribunal, but was only allowed exemption conditional on obtaining Work of National Importance (WNI). Details are recorded in ‘The Friend’. He explained why he was an absolutist: before the war had spent many hours organising debates and meetings on pacificism in connection with the Primitive Methodist Church, to which he then belonged. Since the war he turned to the Adult Schools and meetings of Friends for religious fellowship and felt the best service he could render to the community would be to ‘spread the gospel of Love by word and personal example’. He would be prepared to give up his work as a statistical clerk, possibly at Rowntrees?, to teach pacifism but was not willing to release another man for service.
According to an announcement in The Friend he married Sarah Elsie Cooper in the John Bright Library at Boothham School on 31.7.18, but died shortly afterwards on 20.11.18, aged 26, in Bristol. He is buried in the Friends Burial Ground in York.